Gabriel Figueroa



Born: 24 April 1907, Ciudad de México [Mexico City], as Gabriel Figueroa Mateos.
Died: 27 April 1997, Ciudad de México [Mexico City].
Education: Academia de San Carlos [Painting]; Conservatorio Nacional de Música [Violin; unfinished]; Studied still ph with Eduardo Guerrero.




Career: Started in 1932 as still ph for doph Alex Phillips Sr. and, later, became his assistant. During the 1930s he worked as c.op with Gregg Toland, James Wong Howe, Jack Draper, a.o. In 1935 he went to Hollywood to study cinematography with Gregg Toland. After the death of Gregg Toland, he was offered the remainder of Toland's contract with Samuel Goldwyn: five years with another five optioned. He turned it down.
Retired in 1986.
His son Gabriel Figueroa Flores Jr. is a still ph and doph.
In 1997, the Los Angeles Latino IFF named its 'Gabi Lifetime Achievement Award' after Gabriel Figueroa.
Book: 'Conversaciones con Gabriel Figueroa' [1993, Alberto Isaac].
Appeared in the doc's 'On the Trail of the Iguana' [1964, Ross Lowell], 'B. Traven - A Mystery Solved' [1978, Will Wyatt] & 'The Bronze Screen - 100 Years of the Latino Image in American Cinema' [2002, Susan Racho, a.o.].

Awards: Cannes IFF 'Grand Prix International du meilleur operateur' [1946] & Locarno IFF Prize [1947] for 'María Candelaria'; Silver 'Ariel' Award [1947] for 'Enamorada'; Venice IFF 'Best Photography' Award [1947], Silver 'Ariel' Award [1948] & Golden Globe 'Best Cinematography' Award [1948] for 'La perla'; Venice IFF 'Best Photography' Award [1949] for 'La malquerida'; Silver 'Ariel' Award [1949] for 'Río Escondido', [1950] for 'Pueblerina', [1951] for 'Los olvidados', [1953] for 'El rebozo de soledad' & [1954] for 'El niño y la niebla'; 'Oscar' AA nom [1964; b&w] for 'The Night of the Iguana'; Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes [1971]; Golden 'Ariel' Award [1987]; ASC International Award [1995]; AEC Honorary 'Premio Prisma' [1996]; Los Angeles Latino IFF 'Lifetime Achievement Award [1997].

Gabriel Figueroa was born in Mexico City. His mother died giving birth to him, and his father was never able to recover from the loss. Along with his brother Roberto, Gabriel spent his childhood under the care of his aunts on his father's side. In this family environment, Gabriel grew up surrounded by hard-working widows and liberal writers who sympathized with various revolutionary warlords. When the money they inherited from their parents ran out, squandered through the executors' mismanagement, the Figueroa brothers were forced to quit their studies to make a living. Thus, Gabriel, who was studying drawing and music, had to leave the San Carlos Academy and the National Music Conservatory.

He then began studying photography with Eduardo Guerrero. Figueroa's training as a photographer spanned from 1927 to 1932. He worked at a studio on Guerrero Street, where people had their picture taken in front of hand-painted backdrops under natural light. Then he found employment with Juan de la Peña, who ran a business founded by several Mexico City photographers who aspired to compete against Russians working on Hidalgo Avenue. [Since they slashed their prices to acquire a clientele, at times Figueroa - whose daily wage was one peso - had to produce up to a hundred oval-shaped portraits a day.]

But it was at the Estudio Fotográfico Brooklyn where the mysteries of photographic techniques were revealed to him. The shop was run by José Guadalupe Velasco, a pioneer in the use of artificial lighting, a grand master in retouching negatives, and a follower of the Bohemian cult for the artistic nude. Famous for his cosmetic tricks - heart-shaped mouths and well-defined eyelashes, amongst others - he had become the favorite of actresses and vaudeville dancers.



Finally, in association with his friend Gilberto Martínez Solares, the young Figueroa opened his own photo studio. Actresses like Sara García or Consuelo Frank, dancers like Issa Marcu and other performers commissioned him for their promotional pictures. In making these portraits - visibly influenced by Pictorialism and Expressionism - Figueroa fine-tuned his craft as a photographer.

These pictures of celebrities and novel aspects of modern life, published in magazines like 'México al día' or 'Filmográfico', were Figueroa's contribution to a time that was eager to leave behind the cloud of dust raised by the Revolution. Some time later, while working at a studio that Gilberto Martínez Solares had opened on Madero Street, Figueroa befriended Alex Phillips, one of the American cinematographers employed in the nascent Mexican film industry. With his recommendation he was able to start working as a still photographer at the studios where miracles happened, like the reincarnation of Marlene Dietrich in the form of Andrea Palma.

In August 1936, after having worked as a still photographer, key grip, camera operator, and assistant cameraman, Gabriel Figueroa finally had the opportunity to become the director of photography on a feature film. Directed by Fernando de Fuentes, the movie 'Allá en el Rancho Grande' was a domestic and international success, and it established the formula for a genre that became a trademark of Mexican cinema, the 'ranchero' comedy. 

'Though relatively little of Gabriel Figueroa is known to anyone outside the Spanish-speaking countries, those films that have emerged certainly wet the appetite for more. (As a side issue, when faced with a list of mainly unknown movies and directors, one wonders what masterpieces are included and what subtleties and joys abound in the worlds of, say, Fernando de Fuentes or Julio Bracho.) 



American directors shooting in Mexico not surprisingly considering the visual impact - are always likely to become obsessed with the marvelous cloud formations of the Mexican landscape, and Figueroa (for Ford, Huston and Siegel) proved to be a superb foil to their demands, producing a string of classic compositions in which the people seemed dwarfed by their magnificent surroundings. 

Figueroa's work for Buñuel, however, is perhaps a greater indication of his ability. No shortage of landscapes here, admittedly ('Nazarín', 'Simón del desierto'), but also greater accomplishment, in both direction and camerawork, of themes and ideas. Throughout the parables of 'Nazarín', the picture of dire poverty intermixed with unconscious human desires in 'Los olvidados', and the paranoia of a neurotic bourgeois in 'Él', Figueroa's images, full of stark contrasts that seem to test the limits of black-and-white photography, show him to be a worthy collaborator to Buñuel at the height of his powers.' [David Badder in 'Film Dope', #16, February 1979.]

FILMS & TELEVISION

1935
Cuernavaca [Rolando Aguilar] 
1936
Las mujeres mandan/His Great Adventure [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w; cph: Jack Draper
1936
Allá en el Rancho Grande/Cruz/Out On the Big Ranch [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w
1936
Desfile deportivo [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w; doc/?m; cph: Jack Draper, Alex Phillips Sr., Alvaro González & Agustín Delgado
1936
Petróleo/La sangre del mundo [Arturo Mom & Fernando de Fuentes] b&w; doc/19m; cph: Adolfo Slazy & Manuel Álvarez Bravo
1937
Bajo el cielo de México/Beneath the Sky of Mexico [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w
1937
Jalisco nunca pierde/Jalisco Never Loses [Chano Urueta] b&w
1937
Canción del alma/Song of the Soul [Chano Urueta] b&w
1937
La Adelita [Guillermo Hernández Gómez] b&w
1937
Mi candidato/My Candidate [Chano Urueta] b&w
1938
Refugiados en Madrid/Refugees in Madrid [Alejandro Galindo] b&w
1938
Padre de más de cuatro [Robert Quigley] b&w
1938
La casa del ogro/The House of the Ogre [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w
1938
Los millones de Chaflán [Rolando Aguilar] b&w
1938
Mientras México duerme/While Mexico Sleeps [Alejandro Galindo] b&w
1938
La bestia negra/Mi negra o su negra/The Black Beast [Gabriel Soria] b&w
1939
La noche de los mayas/Night of the Mayas [Chano Urueta] b&w
1939
Papacito lindo/¡El viejo verde!/Sugar Daddy [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w
1939
Los de abajo/Con la División del Norte [Chano Urueta] b&w
1939
La canción del milagro/The Miracle Song [Rolando Aguilar] b&w
1939
¡Que viene mi marido! [Chano Urueta] b&w
1940
Allá en el trópico [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w
1940
El jefe máximo [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w
1940
Con su amable permiso [Fernando Soler] b&w
1940
El monje loco [Alejandro Galindo] b&w
1940
Creo en Dios/Secreto de confesión/Believe in God [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w
1941
Ni sangre, ni arena/Neither Blood Nor Sand [Alejandro Galindo] b&w; collab ph: Agustín Delgado, Jack Draper & Raúl Martínez Solares
1941
El rápido de las 9:15 [Alejandro Galindo] b&w
1941
¡Ay, qué tiempos, senor don Simón! [Julio Bracho] b&w
1941
La casa del rencor [Gilberto Martínez Solares] b&w
1941
El gendarme desconocido [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w
1941
La gallina clueca/The Cackling Hen [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w
1941
Virgen de medianoche/El imperio del Hampa [Alejandro Galindo] b&w
1941
Mi viuda alegre/My Merry Widow [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w
1942
Cuando viajan las estrellas/When the Stars... [Alberto Gout] b&w
1942
Historia de un gran amor [Julio Bracho] b&w
1942
Los tres mosqueteros/The Three Musketeers [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w
1942
El verdugo de Sevilla [Fernando Soler] b&w
1942
La virgen que forjó una patria/The Saint That Forged a Country [Julio Bracho] b&w
1942
El circo [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w
1943
Flor silvestre/Wild Flower [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1943
El espectro de la novia [René Cardona] b&w
1943
El as negro [René Cardona] b&w
1943
La mujer sin cabeza [René Cardona] b&w
1943
Distinto amanecer/Another Dawn [Julio Bracho] b&w
1943
María Candelaria/Xochimilco/Portrait of Maria [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1943
La fuga [Norman Foster] b&w
1944
El corsario negro/The Black Pirate [Chano Urueta] b&w
1944
El intruso/The Intruder [Mauricio Magdaleno] b&w
1944
Adiós, Mariquita linda [Alfonso Patiño Gómez] b&w; cph: Victor Herrera
1944
Las abandonadas [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1944
Más allá del amor [Adolfo Fernández Bustamante] b&w
1944
Bugambilia [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1945
Un día con el diablo [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w
1945
Cantaclaro [Julio Bracho] b&w
1945
La perla/The Pearl [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1946
Su última aventura/The Last Adventure [Gilberto Martínez Solares] b&w
1946
Enamorada/Girl in Love [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1946
The Fugitive [John Ford & (uncred) Emilio Fernández] b&w; replaced ph Gregg Toland, who couldn't ph the film because of a contract dispute
1947
La casa colorada [Miguel Morayta] b&w
1947
Río Escondido/Hidden River [Emilio Fernández] b&w-c; murals by Diego Rivera ph in color by Luis Osorno Barona
1947
María la O [Adolfo Fernández Bustamante] b&w
1947
Tarzan and the Mermaids [Robert Florey] b&w; co-assoc ph; ph: Jack Draper
1948
Maclovia [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1948
Dueña y señora [Tito Davison] b&w
1948
Medianoche/Midnight [Tito Davison] b&w
1948
Salón México/Mujer Mala [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1948
Pueblerina/Town Tale [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1948
Prisión de sueños [Víctor Urruchúa] b&w
1949
El embajador [Tito Davison] b&w
1949
Opio/La droga maldita [Ramón Peón] b&w
1949
La malquerida [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1949
Un cuerpo de mujer [Tito Davison] b&w
1949
Duelo en las montañas [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1949
The Torch/Beloved/Bandit General/Del odio nació el amor [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1949
Nuestras vidas [Ramón Peón] b&w
1950
Un día de vida [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1950
Los olvidados/The Young and the Damned [Luis Buñuel] b&w
1950
Víctimas del pecado/Hell's Kitchen [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1950
Pecado [Luis César Amadori] b&w
1950
Islas Marías [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1950
El gavilán pollero [Rogelio A. González] b&w
1950
El bombero atómico/The Atomic Fireman [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w; or ph Jack Draper
1950
Viva Zapata! [Elia Kazan] turned down prod because he didn't like the script; ph by Joe MacDonald (1951)
1950
Siempre tuya [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1951
Los pobres van al cielo [Jaime Salvador] b&w
1951
Un gallo en corral ajeno/The Straying Rooster [Julián Soler] b&w
1951
La bienamada [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1951
Hay un niño en su futura [Fernando Cortés] b&w
1951
El mar y tú [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1951
Ahí viene Martín Corona/Little Love of My Life [Miguel Zacarías] b&w
1951
El enamorado/El regreso de Martín Corona/Vuelve Martín Corona [Miguel Zacarías] b&w
1952
El rebozo de Soledad/Soledad's Shawl [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1952
Ni pobres ni ricos [Fernando Cortés] b&w
1952
Cuando levanta la niebla [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1952
Crisol de pensamiento mexicano [Alejandro Galindo] b&w; doc/20m; cph: Alex Phillips Sr., Agustín Jiménez & José Ortiz Ramos
1952
El señor fotógrafo [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w
1952
Dos tipos de cuidado/Two Careful Fellows [lsmael Rodríguez] b&w
1952
Ansiedad/Anxiety [Miguel Zacarías] b&w
1952
Él/This Strange Passion/Torments [Luis Buñuel] b&w
1953
Camelia [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1953
Llévame en tus brazos [Julio Bracho] b&w
1953
El niño y la niebla [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1953
La rosa blanca/Momentos de la vida de Martí/The White Rose [Emilio Fernández & (uncred) Íñigo de Martino] b&w
1954
La rebelión de los colgados [Alberto B. Crevenna & Emilio Fernández] b&w
1954
La mujer X [Julián Soler] b&w
1954
Pueblo, canto y esperanza [Mexican seg dir by Rogelio A. González] b&w; 3 seg; other ph: ?
1954
Estafa de amor [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w
1954
El monstruo de la sombra [Zacarías Gómez Urquiza] b&w
1955
La doncella de piedra [Miguel M. Delgado] cs/c
1955
Historia de un amor [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1955
La Escondida/The Hidden One [Roberto Gavaldón] scope/c
1955
La Tierra del Fuego se apaga [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1955
Canasta de cuentos mexicanos [Julio Bracho] cs/c
1956
Una cita de amor [Emilio Fernández] b&w
1956
Sueños de oro [Miguel Zacarías] c
1956
El bolero de Raquel [Miguel M. Delgado] c
1956
Mujer en condominio [Rogelio A. González] b&w
1957
Aquí está Heraclio Bernal [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1957
La venganza de Heraclio Bernal/El rayo de sinaloa [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1957
La rebelión de la sierra/La ley de la sierra o El ocaso de Heraclio Bernal [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1957
Flor de mayo/Beyond All Limits/A Mexican Affair [Roberto Gavaldón] c; Spanish language + English language version
1957
Maricruz [Miguel Zacarías] b&w
1957
Una golfa [Tulio Demicheli] b&w
1957
La sonrisa de la virgen/Little Angel [Roberto Rodríguez & K. Gordon Murray] Colorscope
1958
Carabina 30-30 [Miguel M. Delgado] c
1958
Impaciencia del corazón/Impatient Heart [Tito Davison] 
1958
Café Colón [Benito Alazraki] c
1958
Isla para dos/Island for Two [Tito Davison] c
1958
La Cucaracha/The Soldiers of Pancho Villa [lsmael Rodríguez] 
1958
Nazarín [Luis Buñuel] b&w
1958
La estrella vacía/The Empty Star [Emilio Gómez Muriel] 
1959
Sonatas/Las aventuras del marqués de Bradomin [Juan Antonio Bardem] c; ph Mexico seq; ph: Cecilio Paniagua
1959
La fièvre monte à El Pao/Los ambiciosos/Republic of Sin/Fever Rises in El Pao [Luis Buñuel] b&w
1959
Macario [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1959
La joven/The Young One/Island of Shame [Luis Buñuel] b&w
1960
Juana Gallo/The Guns of Juana Gallo [Miguel Zacarías] 
1961
Los hermanos del hierro/My Son, the Hero [lsmael Rodríguez] b&w; or ph Rosalío Solano
1961
Rosa blanca [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w; released 1972
1961
Ánimas Trujano, el hombre importante [lsmael Rodríguez] cs/b&w
1961
El tejedor de milagros/The Weaver of Miracles [Francisco del Villar] b&w
1962
Um dia de vida [Augusto Fraga] b&w; cph: João Moreira1962
El ángel exterminador/The Exterminating Angel (Luis Buñuel] b&w
1962
Días de otoño [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w
1962
La bandida/The Bandit [Roberto Rodríguez] 
1963
El hombre de papel/The Paper Man [lsmael Rodríguez] b&w
1963
Entrega inmediata/Agente XU 777 [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w-c
1963
En la mitad del mundo [Ramón Pereda] 
1963
The Night of the Iguana [John Huston] b&w
1964
Escuela para solteras/Águila con las hermanas [Miguel Zacarías] b&w
1964
El gallo de oro [Roberto Gavaldón] 
1964
Los tres calaveras [Fernando Cortés] b&w
1964
Los cuatro Juanes [Miguel Zacarías] b&w
1964
Simón del desierto/Simon of the Desert [Luis Buñuel] b&w; short/43m
1965
Amor, amor, amor [seg 'Las dos Elenas' dir by José Luis Ibáñez, 'Un alma pura' dir by Juan Ibáñez & 'Lola de mi vida' dir by Miguel Barbachano-Ponce] b&w; 5 seg; other ph: Antonio Reynoso
1965
Cargamento prohibido [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w
1965
¡Viva Benito Canales! [Miguel M. Delgado] 
1966
Pedro Páramo [Carlos Velo] b&w
1966
El asesino se embarca [Miguel M. Delgado] 
1966
El escapulario [Servando González] b&w
1966
Domingo salvaje [Francisco del Villar] b&w
1966
El cuarto chino/The Chinese Room [Albert Zugsmith] 
1966
Su excelencia [Miguel M. Delgado] c; cph: Rosalío Solano
1966
Los ángeles de Puebla [Francisco del Villar] 
1967
El jinete fantasma/El pistolero fantasma/The Phantom Gunslinger/The Phantom Rider [Albert Zugsmith] b&w
1967
Mariana [Juan Guerrero] 
1967
Corazón salvaje [Tito Davison] c; cph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1967
¿Pax?/¿Paz?/Peace? [Santiago Genovés Tarazaga] c; doc/133m
1968
The Big Cube/El terrón de azúcar [Tito Davison] 
1968
Narda o el verano/Narda or the Summer [Juan Guerrero] 
1968
La puerta y la mujer del carnicero/The Door and the Woman of the Butcher [seg 'La puerta' (26m) dir by Luis Alcoriza] c; 2 seg; cph: Alex Phillips Sr.; seg 'La mujer del carnicero' (59m) dir by Ismael Rodríguez and ph by Juan Manuel Herrera & (uncred) Raúl Martínez Solares
1968
Kelly's Heroes [Brian G. Hutton] p (35mm & 70bu)/c; 2uc: H.A.R. Thomson
1969
The Great Sex War/Make Love Not War [Norman Foster] 
1969
Two Mules for Sister Sara [Don Siegel] p/c; 2uc: Gabriel Torres
1970
La Generala [Juan Ibáñez] 
1970
El cielo y tú [Gilberto Gazcón] 
1970
El profe/The Professor [Miguel M. Delgado] 
1971
Los hijos de Satanás/Y los llamaban Satanás [Rafael Baledón] 
1971
Hijazo de mi vidaza/Aventuras en el tiempo/Son of My Life [Rafael Baledón] 
1971
María/Marie [Tito Davison] 
1972
El festin de la loba [Francisco del Villar] 
1972
El señor de Osanto [Jaime Humberto Hermosillo] 
1972
El monasterio de los buitres [Francisco del Villar] 
1972
Once Upon a Scoundrel [George Schaefer] 
1972
Interval/Intervalo [Daniel Mann] 
1973
El amor tiene cara de mujer [Tito Davison] 
1973
Los perros de Dios [Francisco del Villar] 
1974
El llanto de la tortuga [Francisco del Villar] 
1974
Presagio/Presage [Luis Alcoriza] 
1975
Coronación/Coronation [Sergio Olhovich] 
1975
La vida cambia/Life Changes [Juan Manuel Torres] 
1975
Maten al león [José Estrada] 
1976
Balún Canán [Benito Alazraki] 
1976
Cananea [Marcela Fernández Violante] 
1976
Los aztecas/Los guerreros del sol/El águila que cae [Marcel Boudou] tv-doc/59m
1977
Divinas palabras [Juan Ibáñez] 
1977
La casa del pelícano [Sergio Véjar] 
1977
The Children of Sanchez [Hall Bartlett] 
1977
México mágico [François Reichenbach] 
1978
A paso de cojo [Luis Alcoriza] 
1978
Te quiero [Tito Davison] 
1979
The Border/The Blood Barrier/Border Cop [Christopher Leitch] 
1980
El jugador de ajedrez [Juan Luis Buñuel] tvm/50m
1981
D.F./Distrito Federal [Rogelio A. González] 
1981
México 2000 [Rogelio A. González] 
1981
El héroe desconocido [Julián Pastor] 
1982
El corazón de la noche/The Heart of the Night [Jaime Humberto Hermosillo] c
1983
Under the Volcano [John Huston] c; filmed 1983-84
1984
Rambo: First Blood Part II [George P. Cosmatos] was asked to ph this film, but turned it down; ph by Jack Cardiff
1984
Prizzi's Honor [John Huston] scheduled as doph, but he didn't get a working permit; ph: Andrzej Bartkowiak
1986
El maleficio II [Raúl Araiza] c; cph: José Ortiz Ramos

MISCELLANEOUS

1931
¡Qué Viva México! [Sergei Eisenstein] c.asst; ph: Eduard Tisse; unfinished; filming started in Dec 1930, prod shut down in Jan 1932; several films were edited from this footage
1932
Revolución [o La sombra de Pancho Villa] [Miguel Contreras Torres & Antonio Moreno] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr. & Ezequiel Carrasco
1933
Almas encontradas/Souls in Conflict [Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Ross Fisher
1933
El vuelo glorioso de Barberán y Collar [René Cardona; doc] c.op; ph: ?
1933
Juárez y Maximiliano/La caída de un imperio [Miguel Contreras Torres & Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr., a.o.
1933
Sagrario [Ramón Peón] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1933
Profanación/Desecration [Chano Urueta] 
1933
La noche del pecado/The Night of Sin [Miguel Contreras Torres] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1933
Enemigos/Enemies [Chano Urueta] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1933
La mujer del puerto [Arcady Boytler & Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1933
La sangre manda/The Call of the Blood [José Bohr & Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1933
Viva Villa! [Howard Hawks] co-c.op military parade seq; ph: James Wong Howe
1934
Chucho el roto [Gabriel Soria] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1934
Corazón Bandolero [Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1934
El escándalo/The Scandal [Chano Urueta] lighting; ph: Victor Herrera
1934
Tribu [Miguel Contreras Torres] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.
1934
El primo Basilio [Carlos de Nájera] lighting; ph: Alvin Wyckoff
1935
María Elena [Raphael J. Sevilla] c.op & lighting; ph: Jack Draper, Alvin Wyckoff & William Clothier; English language + Spanish language version
1935
Vámonos con Pancho Villa/Let's Go with Pancho Villa [Fernando de Fuentes] c.op; ph: Jack Draper
1935
Splendor [Elliott Nugent] intern; ph: Gregg Toland
1936
Cielito lindo/Beautiful Sky [Roberto Gavaldón & Roberto O'Quigley (= Robert Quigley)] c.op; ph: Jack Draper

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